Are you also interested in knowing the African countries that Speak French, you are viewing the right article. As you know, the African continent is a continent that is heavily colonized by several countries, mainly from Europe and America. France or Belgium colonized the Africa countries that Speak French are called francophone countries and most of them during the 1950s and 1960s whom most of these countries still affiliated and connected to. Thus, this article is centered on the List of all Africa Countries that Speak French as well as all you need to know about these countries.

Here are the few commonly asked questions as regard countries in Africa that speak French 2019.

  • African Countries That Speak French
  • Countries That Speak French In Africa
  • List Of African Countries That Speak French
  • African Countries Who Speak French
  • North African Countries That Speak French
  • Africa Countries That Speak French
  • How Many African Countries Speak French As Their Official Language
  • Six African Countries That Speak French
  • Countries In Africa
  • Countries Of Africa


Presently, Africa Countries that Speak French are 26 though; it is not the official language in some of them. To start with, below is a list of the countries and their capitals in alphabetical order.

S/N Countries Capital
1.       Algeria Algiers
2.       Benin Porto-Novo
3.       Burkina Faso Ouagadougou
4.       Burundi Gitega
5.       Cameroon Yaoundé
6.       Central African Republic Bangui
7.       Chad N’Djamena
8.       Comoros Moroni
9.       Congo Brazzaville Brazzaville
10.   Democratic Republic of Congo Kinshasa
11.   Djibouti Djibouti
12.   Equatorial Guinea Malabo
13.   Gabon Libreville
14.   Guinea (Conakry) Conakry
15.   Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro
16.   Madagascar Antananarivo
17.   Mali Bamako
18.   Mauritania Nouakchott
19.   Mauritius Port Luis
20.   Morocco Rabat
21.   Niger Niamey
22.   Rwanda Kigali
23.   Senegal Dakar
24.   Seychelles Victoria
25.   Togo Lomé
26.   Tunisia Tunis


Those are the list of Africa Countries Speaking French.

  • #1. Algeria - Algiers
  • Location: North Africa
  • Algeria Population: 41.32 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Algeria:
  • Official Language In Algeria: Arabic

Algeria one of the Africa Countries that Speak french.
Algeria one of the Africa Countries that Speak French.

First on the ranking of African Countries That Speak French in Algeria, though Algeria official language is Arabic, yet the country still has a large population speaking French, and it's one of the main language recognized and used in the country. Algeria has a population of 41.32 million people, making it one of the averagely populated countries in Africa. The country speaks another language aside from French which includes Algerian Arabic, Kabyle language, Tamashek Language, Shawiya language, Korandje language, Shenwa language among others

  • #2. Benin – Port - Novo
  • Location: West Africa
  • Benin Population: 11 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Benin: 55
  • Official Language In Benin: French

Benin Republic
The Benin Republic.

Benin also a France colony and it is known officially as the People's Republic of Benin, believed to be the birthplace of the Vodun (or “voodoo”) religion. The country has a stable economy in Africa and is not highly populated having a population of approximately 11 million people and the country has a total of 55 languages spoken of which French is the official language while its national language includes Fon, Yom, Yoruba. That is you have got to know on Benin as one of the African Countries That Speak French.

  • #3. Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
  • Location: West Africa
  • Burkina Faso Population: 20 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Burkina Faso: 70
  • Official Language In Burkina Faso: French

Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso.

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country bordered by six countries with Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. The country is labeled a developing country even by West African standards and has suffered from recurring droughts and military coups as well. It is a multilingual country having about 70 languages spoken there, of which about 66 are indigenous of which French is its official language and has a population of over 20 million.

  • #4. Burundi - Gitega
  • Location: East Africa
  • Burundi Population: 10 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Burundi:
  • Official Language In Burundi: French


Burundi is officially known as the 'Republic of Burundi' located in the Great Lakes region in the continent of Africa. Burundi has also had its fair share of ethnic crisis, especially the conflicts between the Tutsi and Hutu groups. The country is among the five poorest nations in the world, even with its dense population of about 10 million people. The country’s political capital has been moved from Bujumbura to Gitega, located in the nation’s central highland. Burundian vernacular French which is a combination of Kirundi, Lingala and other languages alongside Swahili which is widely spoken in the African Great Lakes region is the other spoken languages in Burundi.

  • #5. Cameroon – Yaoundé
  • Location: West Africa
  • Cameroon Population:
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Cameroon:
  • Official Language In Cameroon: French


Cameroon is known officially as the officially the Republic of Cameroon, and it's one of the popular countries in West Africa and Africa at large. The country is considered to be one of the highly literate countries in Africa. 55% of the countries poor live in rural areas. The country is multilingual having over 300 ethnic groups, its official languages are French and English very few Cameroonians speak both French and English, and the majority speak neither; also, there are other 55 Afro-Asiatic languages, two Nilo-Saharan languages, and 173 Niger-Congo languages spoken in the country as well.

  • #6. Central African Republic - Bangui
  • Location: Central Africa
  • Central African Republic Population: 5.2 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Central African Republic: 72
  • Official Language In Central African Republic: French and Sangho

Central African Republic
The central African Republic.

The Central African Republic is a landlocked country located within the interior of Africa. French and Sangho are the official language of the country, and they have in total about 72 languages in the country. The country has a population of about 5.2 million people, and the country has been unstable since independence from France in 1960. The country is endowed with natural resources such as diamonds, gold, oil, and uranium, but yet it is among the world's ten poorest nations.

  • #7. Chad – N’djamena
  • Location: Central Africa
  • Chad Population: 15 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Chad: over 100
  • Official Language In Chad: Arabic


Chad is a landlocked country in north-central Africa known officially as the Republic of Chad. The country is bordered to the north by Libya, to the east by Sudan, to the south by the Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. Chad suffers from drought, geographic remoteness, lack of infrastructure, and political turmoil. The country has a population of over 15 million people who depends largely on agriculture, including livestock rearing. French and Arabic are the country’s official language outside which there are over 100 languages spoken in the country.

  • #8. Comoros
  • Location: Central Africa
  • Comoros Population: 813,000
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Comoros:
  • Official Language In Comoros: French, Arabic, and Comorian a Bantu


Comoros is located off the eastern coast of Africa, east of Madagascar. The country comprises of several islands such as Grande Comore, Moheli, Anjouan, and Mayotte, including many smaller islands. The population is 813,000, and the official languages are French, Arabic, and Comorian a Bantu language that is closely related to Swahili and it is by far the most spoken language in the country. Comoros is also one of the poorest countries in the world which have geared the country’s government to focus and prioritize on economic growth and poverty reduction.

  • #9. Congo Brazzaville – Brazzaville
  • Location – West Africa
  • Congo Brazzaville Population: 5 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Congo Brazzaville:
  • Official Language In Congo Brazzaville: French

Congo Brazzaville
Congo Brazzaville.

Congo Brazzaville also is known as the Republic of the Congo is a country popular for its rainforest reserves that are habitats for gorillas. More so, the country’s capital Brazzaville's is famous for its traditional craft markets and the mid-20th-century Basilique Sainte-Anne, with a green-tiled roof and spire. The country is ranked 117th in the world base on its population of over 5 million. The country’s official language is French, and there are other spoken languages which are mainly Bantu languages along with two other national languages Kituba and Lingala. Also, Mboshi language, Pygmy language and Bateke language including more than forty other languages are used in the country

  • #10. Democratic Republic of Congo – Kinshasa
  • Location: West Africa
  • Democratic Republic of Congo Population: 81.5 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Democratic Republic of Congo: 242
  • Official Language In Democratic Republic of Congo: Tshiluba and French

The Democratic Republic of Congo, often referred to as DR Congo is formerly known as Zaire, is a multilingual country having an estimated language of 242. The country is one of the most populated in Africa, with a population of 81.5 million. The country has had its fair share of challenges ranging from the the civil war to corruption in the recent past, which has had a drastic effect on the nation’s economy. The country has four indigenous languages which are Kituba (called "Kikongo"), Lingala, Swahili and Tshiluba and French as its official language.

  • #11. Djibouti – Djibouti
  • Location: East Africa
  • Djibouti Population:
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Djibouti:
  • Official Language In Djibouti: Somali, Arabic, and French

Djibouti is a country capitalized by dry shrublands, volcanic formations and Gulf of Aden beaches and it is home to one of the saltiest water in the world, the low-lying Lake Assal found in the Danakil Desert. The country has three official languages: Somali, Arabic, and French, of which Arabic is of religious importance in the country. The country is peculiar for two things, one been that many countries have military bases the country and secondly, it serves as the gateway to the Suez Canal considered being one of the world’s busiest shipping routes.

  • #12. Equatorial Guinea - Malabo
  • Location: West Africa
  • Equatorial Guinea Population:
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Equatorial Guinea:
  • Official Language In Equatorial Guinea: Spanish and French

Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea comprises of the Rio Muni mainland and also 5 offshore volcanic islands, and it's capital city Malabo is a hub for the country’s prosperous oil industry. Though the country’s official language is Spanish but due to most of its surrounding countries speak French, the country made French an additional official language. Other languages spoken in Equatorial Guinea include Igbo language, Pichinglis, Annobonese Creole, Kombe language among others.

  • #13. Gabon – Libreville
  • Location: Central Africa
  • Gabon Population: approximately 1.9 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Gabon:
  • Official Language In Gabon: French

Gabon is considered a rich country because of its huge mineral resources, especially its huge oil wealth yet, many of its citizens are among the poorest – a problem common in countries having rich natural resources. The country has a population of approximately 1.9 million people with French as the official language of the country.

  • #14. Guinea – Conakry
  • Location: West Africa
  • Guinea Population: approximately 11 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Guinea:
  • Official Language In Guinea: French

This is another country that is richly blessed with natural resources (reserves of iron ore, gold, bauxite, and other minerals) capable to make its approximately 11 million population to live above the poverty line but in reality, it is not so as its people are, but its people are among the poorest in West Africa. The country’s official language is French and has over 24 ethnic groups with their indigenous languages.

  • #15. Ivory Coast - Yamoussoukro
  • Location: West Africa
  • Ivory Coast Population: 23.7 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Ivory Coast: 78
  • Official Language In Ivory Coast: French

Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast.

still on our listing of African Countries That Speak French Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire is referred to officially as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire endowed with beach resorts, rainforests, and a French-colonial legacy. More so, it’s a multilingual country having an estimated amount of 78 languages currently spoken, but its official language is French. The French language serves as a lingua franca in the country, and the language is taught in schools. Ivory Coast has an estimated population of 23.7 million people and is known as the world’s largest exporter of cocoa beans.

  • #16. Madagascar – Antananarivo
  • Location: East Africa
  • Madagascar Population: 25 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Madagascar:
  • Official Language In Madagascar: French

Madagascar, previously known as the Malagasy Republic and presently the Republic of Madagascar, located in East Africa. The country is an island, and in fact, it is the 4th largest island in the world and also has numerous smaller peripheral islands as well. The country is home to 25 million people and known for its wildlife. The official languages are Malagasy and French

  • #17. Mali – Bamako
  • Location: West Africa
  • Mali Population: 18.5 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Mali:
  • Official Language In Mali: French

Timbuktu, Mali
Timbuktu, Mali.

Mali is among the largest countries in Africa. It has a population of 18.5 million who speaks the official language, French. The northern city of Timbuktu is one of the popular city in the country aside from Bamako it's the capital city. Other major languages in the country include Bambara, Berber, and Arabic.

  • #18. Mauritania - Nouakchott
  • Location: West Africa
  • Mauritania Population: 4 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Mauritania:
  • Official Language In Mauritania: Arabic, Hassaniya

Known officially as the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, is a country in Northwest Africa. the country is the 11th largest sovereign state in Africa. The country has a population of over 4 million people; its official languages are Arabic, Hassaniya but speak French as a foreign language. so, that is all about Mauritania as one of the African Countries That Speak French.

  • #19. Mauritius – Port Luis
  • Location: East Africa
  • Mauritius Population: 1.2 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Mauritius:
  • Official Language In Mauritius: No Official Language


Mauritius has no official language but it’s over l.2 million population speaks French, English French, Mauritian Creole, French-based Creole, and ethnic languages. There are lots of beaches, reefs and lagoons, a mountainous interior which includes Black River Gorges National Park, with rainforests, waterfalls, hiking trails and wildlife like the flying fox.

  • #20. Morocco - Rabat
  • Location: North Africa
  • Morocco Population:
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Morocco:
  • Official Language In Morocco: Arabic and Amazigh are also known as Berber

Moroccan Dirham MAD
Moroccan Dirham MAD.

A popular country located in North Africa and famous for its Berber, Arabian and European cultural influences. Arabic and Amazigh also are known as Berber are the official language while French serves as a second language for many Moroccans.

  • #21. Niger – Niamey
  • Location: West Africa
  • Niger Population:
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Niger: 11
  • Official Language In Niger: French

Niger is named after the Niger River. This West African country is known to be a major transport route for migrants who wants to enter Europe. Niger has 11 official languages, with French being the official language and Hausa the most spoken language.

  • #22. Rwanda
  • Location: East Africa
  • Rwanda Population: 13 Million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Rwanda: 11
  • Official Language In Rwanda: French, English, Kinyarwanda, and Swahili


Whenever Rwanda is mentioned, one cannot forget in a hurry about the conflict between the Tutsi and Hutu groups which the country suffered for long. The country has four official languages, which are French, English, Kinyarwanda, and Swahili and are spoken by the over 13 million population.

  • #23. Senegal - Dakar
  • Location: West Africa
  • Senegal Population: 16 Million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Senegal: 36
  • Official Language In Senegal: French


Senegal is a multilingual country having over 36 languages of which Wolof is the major language and French is the official language which is spoken by the population of over 16 million people.

  • #24. Seychelles
  • Location: East Africa
  • Seychelles Population: 95,000
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Seychelles: 36
  • Official Language In Seychelles: Seselwa and English


Seychelles is another African Countries that Speak French on our list. It is home to 115 islands, many coral reefs, beaches, and natural reserves, as well as rare animals such as giant Aldabra tortoises. The country has a small population of over 95, 000 people who speak French, Seselwa, and English which are the country’s official language

  • #25. Togo - Lomé
  • Location: West Africa
  • Togo Population:
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Togo: 39
  • Official Language In Togo: French

Still on the Africa Countries that Speak French and this time we move to Togo in West Africa. It is also multilingual with over 39 languages spoken. The country blessed with diverse ethnic groups who also speak French been their official lingua franca. The country is well known for its palm-lined beaches and hilltop villages. Togo’s economy is faced with difficulty because of development undercut by political instability, lowered commodity prices, and external debts.

  • #26. Tunisia - Tunis
  • Location: North Africa
  • Tunisia Population: Over 11 million
  • Total Number OF Languages Spoken In Tunisia:
  • Official Language In Tunisia: Arabic

Tunisia Dinar
Tunisia Dinar

Last on our list of Africa Countries that Speak French in Tunisia, a popular country located in Northern Africa. The population is over 11 million people who speak Arabic (official language) and other foreign languages, which includes French, English, Italian, Turkish, and German.







1AlgeriaAlgiersAbdelkader Bensalah (2019–present)Algerian dinar2,381,741 km2 (919,595 sq mi)
2AngolaLuandaJoão Lourenço (2017–present)Kwanza24,383,301
3BeninPorto-NovoPatrice Talon (2016–present)CFA franc10,008,749
4BotswanaGaboroneMokgweetsi Masisi (2018–present)Pula2,024,904
5Burkina FasoOuagadougouRoch Marc Christian Kaboré (2015–present)CFA franc18,450,494
6BurundiBujumburaPierre Nkurunziza (2005–present)Burundi franc9,823,828
7CameroonYaoundePaul Biya (1982–present)CFA franc21,917,602
8Republic of Cape VerdePraiaJorge Carlos Fonseca (2011–present)Cape Verdean Escudo491,875
9Central African RepublicBanguiFaustin-Archange Touadéra (2016–present)CFA franc3,697,490
10ChadN’DjamenaIdriss Déby (1990–present)CFA franc1,284,000 km2 (495,755 sq mi)
11ComorosMoroniAzali Assoumani (2016––present)
Moustadroine Abdou, Acting President of the Comoros (2019–present)
Comorian franc2,235 km2 (863 sq mi)
12Democratic Republic of CongoKinshasaDenis Sassou Nguesso (1997–present)Congolese franc2,344,858 km2 (905,355 sq mi)
13Republic of CongoBrazzavilleCFA franc342,000 km2 (132,047 sq mi)
14Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukroCFA franc322,460 km2 (124,503 sq mi)
15DjiboutiDjiboutiIsmaïl Omar Guelleh (1999–present)Djiboutian franc23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi)
16EgyptCairoAbdel Fattah el-Sisi (2014–present)Egyptian pound1,001,449 km2 (386,662 sq mi)
17Equatorial GuineaMalaboTeodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979–present)CFA franc28,051 km2 (10,831 sq mi)
18EritreaAsmaraIsaias Afwerki (1991–present)Nakfa117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi)
19EthiopiaAddis AbabaMswati III, King of Eswatini (1986–present)Ethiopian birr1,104,300 km2 (426,373 sq mi)
20GabonLibrevilleSahle-Work Zewde (2018–present)CFA franc267,668 km2 (103,347 sq mi)
21GambiaBanjulAli Bongo Ondimba (2009–present)Dalasi10,380 km2 (4,008 sq mi)
22GhanaAccraAdama Barrow (2017–present)Ghanaian cedi238,534 km2 (92,098 sq mi)
23GuineaConakryNana Akufo-Addo (2017–present)Guinean franc245,857 km2 (94,926 sq mi)
24Guinea-BissauBissauAlpha Condé (2010–present)CFA franc36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
25KenyaNairobiUhuru Kenyatta, (2013–present)Kenyan shilling580,367 km2 (224,081 sq mi)
26LesothoMaseruLetsie III, King of Lesotho (1996–present)
Prime Minister – Tom Thabane (2017–present)
Loti36,125 km2 (13,948 sq mi)
27LiberiaMonroviaGeorge Weah (2018–present)Liberian dollar111,369 km2 (43,000 sq mi)
28LibyaTripoliNo recognized President since the death of Muammar Gaddafi. Elections to be held soon.Libyan dinar1,759,540 km2 (679,362 sq mi)
29MadagascarAntananarivoAndry Rajoelina (2019–present)Malagasy ariary587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi)
30MalawiLilongwePeter Mutharika (2014–present)Malawian kwacha118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi)
31MaliBamakoIbrahim Boubacar Keïta (2013–present)CFA franc1,246,700 km2 (481,354 sq mi)
32MauritaniaNouakchottMohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (2009–present)Ouguiya1,030,700 km2 (397,955 sq mi)
33MauritiusPort LouisBarlen Vyapoory (2018–present)Mauritian rupee2,040 km2 (788 sq mi)
34MoroccoRabatMonarch – Mohammed VI, King of Morocco (1999–present)
Prime Minister – Saadeddine Othmani, Head of Government of Morocco (2017–present)
Moroccan dirham446,550 km2 (172,414 sq mi)
35MozambiqueMaputoFilipe Nyusi (2015–present)Mozambican metical801,590 km2 (309,496 sq mi)
36NamibiaWindhoekHage Geingob (2015–present)Namibian dollar825,418 km2 (318,696 sq mi)
37NigerNiameyMahamadou Issoufou (2011–present)CFA franc1,267,000 km2 (489,191 sq mi)
38NigeriaAbujaMuhammadu Buhari (2015–present)Nigerian naira923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi)
39RwandaKigaliPaul Kagame (2000–present)Rwandan franc26,798 km2 (10,347 sq mi)
40Republic Arab Saharawi DemocraticAauin
41Sao Tome and PrincipeSao TomeEvaristo Carvalho (2016–present)Dobra964 km2 (372 sq mi)
42SenegalDakarMacky Sall (2012–present)CFA franc
43SeychellesVictoriaJulius Maada Bio (2018–present)Seychellois rupee451 km2 (174 sq mi)
44Sierra LeoneFreetownSierra Leonean leone196,723 km2 (75,955 sq mi)
45SomaliaMogadishuMohamed Abdullahi Mohamed (2017–present)Somali shilling637,657 km2 (246,201 sq mi)
46South AfricaPretoria (Executive), Bloemfontein (Judicial), Capetown (Legislative)Cyril Ramaphosa (2018–present)South African Rand1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi)
47South SudanJubaPresident – Salva Kiir Mayardit (2005–present)South Sudanese pound644,329 km2 (248,777 sq mi)
48SudanKhartoumPresident – Omar al-Bashir (1989–present)Sudanese pound1,861,484 km2 (718,723 sq mi)
49Swaziland (eSwatini)Lobamba (royal and legislative) Mbabane (Administrative)President – John Magufuli (2015–present)Lilangeni17,364 km2 (6,704 sq mi)
50TanzaniaDar es Salaam (Traditional capital). Dodoma is the seat of the legislaturePresident – John Magufuli (2015–present)Tanzanian shilling945,203 km2 (364,945 sq mi)
51TogoLoméPresident – Faure Gnassingbé (2005–present)CFA franc56,785 km2 (21,925 sq mi)
52TunisiaTunisPresident – Beji Caid Essebsi (2014–present)Tunisian dinar163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi)
53UgandaKampalaYoweri Museveni (1986–present)
Western Sahara (self-declared, partially recognised state)
President – Brahim Ghali (2016–present)
Ugandan shilling236,040 km2 (91,136 sq mi)
54ZambiaLusakaEdgar Lungu (2015–present)Zambian kwacha752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi)
55.ZimbabweHarareEmmerson Mnangagwa (2017–present)RTGS Dollar390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi)

Conclusion on List of all Africa Countries that Speak French [Updated Record]- All You Need To Know

Now you know the Africa Countries that Speak French and a little about them. French is the official language adopted by these countries except for Algeria, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Qatar, and Tunisia who speak it as a second language and some speak it because their neighboring national states speak it.

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